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Right on Crime | June 18, 2018
This article by Pat Nolan, director of the Center for Criminal Justice Reform at the American Conservative Union Foundation and Right on Crime signatory, originally appeared in FOX News, June 17th, 2018.
Father’s Day celebrates the role fathers play in our lives and gives us a chance to acknowledge their important and unique influence. It’s also a time to remember those fathers who are missing from the family table.
Some of us have fathers who are no longer alive. Some have fathers who live far away and can’t be with us on Father’s Day. And some fathers are not with us because they are in prison.
I’m not asking you to feel sorry for men serving prison sentences. They are paying the price for breaking the law. However, I hope you’ll take some time to think about the impact their absence has on their families, and how it impacts your neighborhood after they are released without rehabilitation.
You see, 95 percent of all prisoners will serve their sentences and then return to the community. It doesn’t make headlines when an ex-offender gets a job, supports his family and becomes a responsible member of society. Yet many of our neighbors have done this.
These people are good employees who pay their taxes and help us build better and safer communities. Think of Mark Wahlberg, Wesley Snipes and Tim Allen. They all did time in prison, and went on to become solid citizens that any of us would be proud to have as neighbors. An important factor in their success was that they remained in touch with their families.
Studies have consistently found that prisoners who maintain close contact with their family members while incarcerated have better post-release outcomes and lower recidivism rates.
The research shows that when returning inmates have a supportive family they are more likely to find a job, less likely to use drugs, and less likely to be involved in criminal activities.
Studies also show that children of inmates who are able to visit with their imprisoned parents have increased cognitive skills, improved academic self-esteem, greater self-control, and change schools much less often. The improvement of the children has an amazing impact on the incarcerated parent, too, with significantly reduced recidivism of the parent after release.
Based on these research findings, you would expect that prisons would do all they can to encourage family visits and contact with inmates. But you would be wrong. That’s bad for all of us.
But those shortsighted policies will likely change soon. Legislation is moving through Congress with strong bipartisan support to improve the way federal prisons help inmates maintain contact with their families.
The House recently passed the FIRST STEP Act, which would strengthen families by:
· Placing inmates in federal prisons closer to their families (with exceptions for security concerns).
· Forming partnerships with faith-based and community volunteers to provide programs to prepare inmates for release, at little cost to the government.
· Allowing volunteers who work with inmates inside prison to continue to mentor them when they are released.
· Prohibiting the barbaric but common practice of shackling pregnant women to their beds during childbirth.
· Allowing terminally ill inmates to return home to be with their families and friends in their final days.
In addition, the legislation would allow inmates who participate in programs that prepare them to return to their communities – and who do not pose a security threat – to be placed in a halfway house or in home confinement earlier. This would put them closer to their families and enable them to look for a job; get a driver’s license; open a bank account; affiliate with a church, synagogue or other house of worship; and begin other activities to help them stay on the straight and narrow after they finish their sentences.
It only makes sense that prisoners who prove ready and willing to make the most of their second chance should be given an opportunity to get back on their feet.
This FIRST STEP Act has the strong support of President Trump. It was passed by the House 360-59, with all but two Republicans voting for it, and the overwhelming majority of Democrats in support as well.
So, after enjoying your Father’s Day, I hope you will encourage your senators to support the FIRST STEP Act. Released inmates and their families will be better neighbors because of it.