As documented by the Pew Charitable Trusts, since 2010 West Virginia has led the nation in average annual prison population growth. The state’s prison population has averaged a growth of 73% from 2000 to 2010, costing the state $169.2 million. With such a rapid increase of inmates, as of 2012 there were more than 1,800 prisoners waiting for a bed to open up. Also, the number of inmates sent back to prison because their release was revoked has increased 47% from 2005 to 2012, costing the state $168 million. Furthermore, the average offender completed 51% more time served than those in 1990, costing the state another $74.8 million. According to Correctionalnews.com, Senate Bill 371 was proposed by Governor Earl Ray Tomblin and enacted in 2013 to take steps to address these challenges and right-size the state’s prison system. The bill is projected to ease overcrowding and expand proven substance abuse programs for inmates. It creates an earned time incentive for non-violent inmates and expands drug court programs. More drug courts were needed to address substance abuse related recidivism given that 75% of all inmates are serving their sentences due to drug related crimes.